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Vesak/Buddha Purnima

Vesak, also known as Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti, is a major Buddhist festival celebrated to commemorate the birth, enlightenment, and passing away of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. The origin and history of Vesak in India are as follows:

  1. Birth of Gautama Buddha: Siddhartha Gautama, who later became known as Gautama Buddha, was born in Lumbini, present-day Nepal, around the 6th century BCE. He was born into a royal family and lived a sheltered life until he embarked on a spiritual quest to find the truth of existence.

  2. Enlightenment of Gautama Buddha: After years of meditation and seeking enlightenment, Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment at the age of 35. This event, known as the Bodhi Enlightenment, occurred under the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, India. Gautama Buddha gained profound insights into the nature of suffering, the causes of suffering, and the path to liberation.

  3. Teachings and Sermons: Following his enlightenment, Gautama Buddha spent the remainder of his life traveling and spreading his teachings, known as the Dharma. He delivered numerous discourses, known as sutras, which provided guidance on ethics, meditation, mindfulness, and the path to liberation from suffering.

  4. Passing Away (Parinirvana) of Gautama Buddha: Gautama Buddha passed away at the age of 80 in Kushinagar, India. This event, known as the Parinirvana or Mahaparinirvana, signifies the final liberation of Gautama Buddha from the cycle of birth and death (samsara).

  5. Establishment of Vesak: Vesak as a festival commemorating the life and teachings of Gautama Buddha is believed to have originated in India. The precise date for Vesak varies in different Buddhist traditions, but it is generally celebrated on the full moon day in the month of Vesakha as per the lunar calendar.

  6. Celebrations and Observances: Vesak is celebrated with great enthusiasm by Buddhists in India and around the world. Temples and monasteries are decorated with colorful lanterns, and devotees gather to offer prayers, make offerings, and participate in religious ceremonies. Meditation, chanting of sutras, and listening to Dharma talks are also common practices during Vesak. Additionally, acts of generosity, such as giving alms to the needy and engaging in charitable activities, are encouraged.

  7. Significance: Vesak holds immense significance for Buddhists as it commemorates the life, teachings, and enlightenment of Gautama Buddha. It serves as a reminder of the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path, which are fundamental principles in Buddhism.

Vesak is a time for reflection, introspection, and practicing compassion and mindfulness. It is an occasion for Buddhists to honor Gautama Buddha's profound contributions to the spiritual and philosophical landscape and to strive for personal awakening and the alleviation of suffering in the world.

List of dates

Year Weekday Date Name Time
2024 Thursday May 23, 2024 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 1 day from now
2025 Monday May 12, 2025 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 11 months from now
2026 Sunday May 31, 2026 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 2 years from now
2027 Thursday May 20, 2027 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 2 years from now
2028 Tuesday May 9, 2028 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 3 years from now
2029 Sunday May 27, 2029 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 5 years from now
2030 Friday May 17, 2030 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 5 years from now
2031 Wednesday May 7, 2031 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 6 years from now
2032 Tuesday May 25, 2032 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 8 years from now
2033 Saturday May 14, 2033 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 8 years from now
2034 Friday Jun 2, 2034 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 10 years from now
2035 Tuesday May 22, 2035 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 11 years from now
2036 Saturday May 10, 2036 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 11 years from now
2037 Friday May 29, 2037 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 13 years from now
2038 Tuesday May 18, 2038 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 13 years from now
2039 Sunday May 8, 2039 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 14 years from now
2023 Sunday Jun 4, 2023 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 11 months ago
2022 Monday May 16, 2022 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 2 years ago
2021 Wednesday May 26, 2021 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 2 years ago
2020 Thursday May 7, 2020 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 4 years ago
2019 Sunday May 19, 2019 Vesak/Buddha Purnima 5 years ago
The festivity dates listed in the table above have been prepared with the greatest possible care and to the best of our knowledge. If you find any bugs, please let us know using below the feedback form. Thanks very much.

Notice, in particular, conversion from the other calendar to the Gregorian calendar, there may be discrepancies.