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Republic Day

Republic Day is a significant national holiday celebrated in India on the 26th of January every year. It commemorates the day when the Constitution of India came into effect, marking the country's transition from a British Dominion to a republic. Here is the origin and history of Republic Day in India:

  1. Background and Struggle for Independence: India was under British colonial rule for nearly 200 years until its independence movement gained momentum in the early 20th century. Leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and many others played crucial roles in mobilizing the masses and demanding self-governance.

  2. Independence and Constituent Assembly: On August 15, 1947, India finally gained its independence from British rule and became a sovereign nation. However, the country did not have a permanent constitution at that time.

  3. The Need for a Constitution: India functioned under the Government of India Act, 1935, a British-imposed law, which was not suitable for an independent nation. It was essential to draft a constitution that would lay down the fundamental principles and framework for governance.

  4. Formation of the Constituent Assembly: On December 9, 1946, the Constituent Assembly of India was formed. It comprised representatives from various regions, communities, and political parties. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the President of the Constituent Assembly, and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was appointed as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee.

  5. Drafting of the Constitution: The Constituent Assembly took two years, eleven months, and eighteen days to finalize the Constitution. It discussed and debated various provisions, drawing inspiration from multiple sources, including the constitutions of other countries.

  6. Adoption of the Constitution: The Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution on November 26, 1949. It became effective from January 26, 1950, chosen as the date to honor the Purna Swaraj (complete self-rule) declaration made by the Indian National Congress on January 26, 1930.

  7. Republic Day Celebrations: January 26 was declared as Republic Day, marking the moment when India formally adopted the Constitution and became a democratic republic. The first Republic Day was celebrated on January 26, 1950, with a grand ceremony held in the capital city of New Delhi.

  8. Celebrations and Traditions: Republic Day celebrations typically include a grand parade at Rajpath in New Delhi, showcasing the military strength, cultural diversity, and achievements of India. The President of India hoists the national flag, and various state and central government institutions participate in the event. The parade also features tableaus representing different states, cultural performances, and displays of military prowess.

Republic Day is an occasion of national pride, patriotism, and unity. It serves as a reminder of the values enshrined in the Indian Constitution and the sacrifices made by freedom fighters and leaders in shaping the nation's destiny.

List of dates

Year Weekday Date Name Time
2024 Friday Jan 26, 2024 Republic Day 3 months ago
2025 Sunday Jan 26, 2025 Republic Day 8 months from now
2026 Monday Jan 26, 2026 Republic Day 1 year from now
2027 Tuesday Jan 26, 2027 Republic Day 2 years from now
2028 Wednesday Jan 26, 2028 Republic Day 3 years from now
2029 Friday Jan 26, 2029 Republic Day 4 years from now
2030 Saturday Jan 26, 2030 Republic Day 5 years from now
2031 Sunday Jan 26, 2031 Republic Day 6 years from now
2032 Monday Jan 26, 2032 Republic Day 7 years from now
2033 Wednesday Jan 26, 2033 Republic Day 8 years from now
2034 Thursday Jan 26, 2034 Republic Day 9 years from now
2035 Friday Jan 26, 2035 Republic Day 10 years from now
2036 Saturday Jan 26, 2036 Republic Day 11 years from now
2037 Monday Jan 26, 2037 Republic Day 12 years from now
2038 Tuesday Jan 26, 2038 Republic Day 13 years from now
2039 Wednesday Jan 26, 2039 Republic Day 14 years from now
2023 Thursday Jan 26, 2023 Republic Day 1 year ago
2022 Wednesday Jan 26, 2022 Republic Day 2 years ago
2021 Tuesday Jan 26, 2021 Republic Day 3 years ago
2020 Sunday Jan 26, 2020 Republic Day 4 years ago
2019 Saturday Jan 26, 2019 Republic Day 5 years ago
The festivity dates listed in the table above have been prepared with the greatest possible care and to the best of our knowledge. If you find any bugs, please let us know using below the feedback form. Thanks very much.

Notice, in particular, conversion from the other calendar to the Gregorian calendar, there may be discrepancies.