1. Yearly Calendar
  2. /
  3. Festivities
  4. /
  5. United States

Columbus Day

Columbus Day is a federal holiday in the United States that commemorates the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the Americas on October 12, 1492. It is observed on the second Monday in October.

Here's an overview of the origin and history of Columbus Day

1. Early Celebrations

The idea of celebrating Christopher Columbus and his voyage to the Americas dates back to the colonial period. Italian-Americans and various Catholic organizations began commemorating Columbus as early as the 18th century, particularly in cities with large Italian immigrant populations.

2. 400th Anniversary

In 1892, on the 400th anniversary of Columbus's voyage, celebrations were held throughout the United States. These festivities aimed to highlight the contributions of Italian-Americans and to promote patriotism and unity among Americans.

3. First State Observance

Colorado was the first state to officially observe Columbus Day in 1907. Other states, such as New York and California, soon followed suit, establishing their own observances of the holiday.

4. Federal Recognition

In 1934, following extensive lobbying efforts by the Knights of Columbus, a Catholic fraternal organization, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Congress officially designated Columbus Day as a federal holiday. The holiday was signed into law on June 28, 1937, and was first celebrated as a federal holiday on October 12, 1937.

5. Historical Context

At the time of the holiday's establishment, there was a significant push by Italian-Americans to recognize Christopher Columbus's achievements and contributions to American history. The holiday also aimed to promote Italian-American heritage and cultural pride.

6. Controversies and Criticisms

Over time, Columbus Day has become the subject of controversy and criticism. Some Indigenous groups, activists, and scholars argue that celebrating Columbus perpetuates the harmful legacy of colonization, violence, and mistreatment of Indigenous peoples. They argue that Columbus's arrival initiated a process of colonization that led to the marginalization and suffering of Native American populations.

7. Alternative Observances

In recent years, there has been a growing movement to transform Columbus Day into a holiday that celebrates Indigenous peoples and cultures, rather than commemorating Columbus himself. Many cities and states have chosen to recognize Indigenous Peoples' Day instead, which honors the history, cultures, and contributions of Native American communities.

Today, Columbus Day is still observed as a federal holiday in the United States, although its significance and public perception continue to evolve. The holiday remains a time for reflection and discussion about the historical context, legacy, and ongoing impact of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas.

List of dates

Year Weekday Date Name Time
2024 Monday Oct 14, 2024 Columbus Day 4 months from now
2025 Monday Oct 13, 2025 Columbus Day 1 year from now
2026 Monday Oct 12, 2026 Columbus Day 2 years from now
2027 Monday Oct 11, 2027 Columbus Day 3 years from now
2028 Monday Oct 9, 2028 Columbus Day 4 years from now
2029 Monday Oct 8, 2029 Columbus Day 5 years from now
2030 Monday Oct 14, 2030 Columbus Day 6 years from now
2031 Monday Oct 13, 2031 Columbus Day 7 years from now
2032 Monday Oct 11, 2032 Columbus Day 8 years from now
2033 Monday Oct 10, 2033 Columbus Day 9 years from now
2034 Monday Oct 9, 2034 Columbus Day 10 years from now
2035 Monday Oct 8, 2035 Columbus Day 11 years from now
2036 Monday Oct 13, 2036 Columbus Day 12 years from now
2037 Monday Oct 12, 2037 Columbus Day 13 years from now
2038 Monday Oct 11, 2038 Columbus Day 14 years from now
2039 Monday Oct 10, 2039 Columbus Day 15 years from now
2023 Monday Oct 9, 2023 Columbus Day 7 months ago
2022 Monday Oct 10, 2022 Columbus Day 1 year ago
2021 Monday Oct 11, 2021 Columbus Day 2 years ago
2020 Monday Oct 12, 2020 Columbus Day 3 years ago
2019 Monday Oct 14, 2019 Columbus Day 4 years ago
The festivity dates listed in the table above have been prepared with the greatest possible care and to the best of our knowledge. If you find any bugs, please let us know using below the feedback form. Thanks very much.

Notice, in particular, conversion from the other calendar to the Gregorian calendar, there may be discrepancies.